2013 Collection

Viral Vector Production in the Integrity® iCELLis® Disposable Fixed-bed Bioreactor from Bench-scale to Industrial Scale

Recombinant viruses (e.g. lentivirus and adeno-associated-virus) can be used as human gene therapy vectors. They are mainly produced in adherent cell cultures (e.g. HEK293T, A549, VERO) in Roller Bottles or multiple-tray-stacks using either transient transfection or infection strategies. Therefore, the Integrity® iCELLis® (ATMI LifeSciences) line of bioreactors offers a new production alternative with stronger process controls and ease of scale-up.   The iCELLis bioreactor is designed for adherent cell culture applications. Cells grow on microfibers carriers packed in a fixed-bed…

Is the Gold Standard Tarnished? Weaknesses in the Standard Method Compromise Your RMM Validation

Introduction of a new Rapid Microbial Method (RMM) requires a full validation. The purpose of the validation is to prove that equivalent or better results are obtained using the new method when compared to the compendia. One assumes that the result obtained with the compendial method is absolute and is the “Gold Standard” by which to compare the new test. In reality, the compendial method exhibits a number of weaknesses that compromise the integrity of the validation. The standard requires…

Cookie Cutter Proteolysis: Achieving Reproducible, Efficient Digestions for Proteomic Workflows

Cookie Cutter Proteolysis: Achieving Reproducible, Efficient Digestions for Proteomic Workflows   Protein sample preparation workflows for mass spectrometric analysis that involve proteolysis are often labor-intensive, time consuming and user dependent. These workflows often involve digestion, solid phase extraction, drying, and re-suspension prior to reversed phase separation into the mass spectrometer. The introduction of variability at many of these steps hinders discovery initiatives as well as the ability to convert these discoveries into viable assays.   Recently, an automated protein digestion…

Maximizing Protein Expression in CHO Suspension Cells Through Transient Transfection

Transient transfection in mammalian cell lines provides an avenue for researchers to bridge the development bottleneck and shorten the time to usable protein. The method also maintains post translational modifications crucial for biotherapeutic function. Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) suspension cells are especially suited for high yield production of recombinant proteins, despite being refractory to commonly used transfection methods (e.g. 25kDa linear PEI). Mirus Bio has developed a more effective alternative, the TransIT-PRO® Transfection Kit. Transfection efficiencies are affected by many…

T Cells Expanded in the WAVE Bioreactor™ 2/10 System Maintain a Healthy Phenotype

T cell immunotherapy often requires the expansion of a small select starting population in vitro. To achieve therapeutic doses, this population is required to undergo multiple and rapid rounds of replication. Rapid T cell expansion raises the possibility of inducing senescence or an aged phenotype, both of which are detrimental to the recipient patient. The WAVE BioreactorTM System is often used for the final expansion phase before patient infusion and we have analysed the aging characteristics of T cells that…

Transfer of Hepatic Progenitor Stem Cell Culture Process from Multitray Stacks to the Integrity® Xpansion™ Multiplate Bioreactor

Scale-up a stem cell process may be challenging: small variations in physicochemical parameters (surface characteristics, pH and dissolved oxygen) can heavily impact stem cell growth and behavior. The Integrity® Xpansion™ multiplate bioreactors have been designed to enable an easy transfer from multiple-tray stacks process by offering the same cell growth environment: stacked hydrophylized polystyrene plates in a compact and closed system (from 10 to 200 plates per bioreactor equivalent respectively to 6120cm² and 122400cm²). As there is no headspace between…

Culture of Normal Human Dermal Fibroblast Cells in a Functionally Closed Automated Cell Expansion System

The Quantum Cell Expansion System is a functionally closed and automated hollow-fiber bioreactor system that is designed to expand both adherent and suspension cells in a reproducible manner. The hollow-fiber membrane requires a coating agent to help facilitate cellular adherence when culturing an adherent cell type such as MSCs. Pooled human cryoprecipitate (CPPT, Bonfils Blood Center) was examined as an alternative to FN because it is a rich source of extracellular matrix components, including fibrinogen (Freedman, 2010), and also because…

EtoxiClear™: A New Adsorbent for the Efficient Removal of Endotoxin From Biopharmaceuticals

Endotoxin or lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are highly toxic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria and are often present in significant amounts in bacterial cell culture expression systems such as E. coli. A number of methods have been adopted for the removal of endotoxin based on adsorption, in particular ion-exchange chromatography. Although downstream processing can significantly reduce endotoxin levels in the product, efficient and cost-effective removal of residual endotoxin from biopharmaceutical preparations remains a challenge. This technical poster addresses the…

Evaluation of a Novel Polymer Based Protein A Resin for the Capture of Immunoglobulins and Fc-Fusion Proteins

In the biopharmaceutical industry ever increasing monoclonal antibody titers in cell culture have necessitated discovery of more efficient Protein A capture operations, realized in terms of higher binding capacity, faster throughput, increased resin lifetime, and decreased cost of goods. Recent changes in the Protein A intellectual property landscape have invited new competitors to enter this market. Given the increased availability of new Protein A technology, Biogen Idec has evaluated a prototype resin being developed by JSR Life Sciences known as…

Improving Cell Culture Productivity with a SEGFLOW® Automated On-line Sampling and Feed System

A SEGFLOW® automated on-line sampling and feed system (SEGFLOW) was evaluated for its impact on Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell culture process performance in bench-scale stirred tank bioreactors. The SEGFLOW was integrated with a YSI® Biochemistry Analyzer and a nutrient feed pump allowing real-time glucose analysis and automated glucose feeding to be performed for the test batch. In contrast, a batch using daily manual sampling and bolus feed protocols, was performed as a control. For the SEGFLOW culture, media glucose…