Expression Platforms

Viral Vaccine Manufacturing Scale Using the iCELLIstm Disposable Fixed-Bed Reactor

Viral vaccines are usually produced by anchorage-dependent cell lines. At industrial scale, these cells are either cultivated in static mode on multiplate systems (Roller bottles, Cell Factories, Cell Cube, etc.) or on suspended micro-carriers (porous or non-porous) in in bioreactors. Multiplate systems are bulky and require a lot of handling operations, whereas microcarrier cultures require numerous operations (sterilization and hydration of carriers,bead-to-bead transfers) from pr eculture to final process. However most of the currently available disposable reactors are not well…

Cell Culture Design Space Modeling using a Scale-Down Approach

As an industry initiative to “provide assurance of quality,” the ICH Q8 guideline proposes building quality into the design of experiments by defining the process design space within which critical product quality attributes are within an acceptable range. A characterized design space not only enhances process knowledge but also can later be utilized for process validation and regulatory filings, saving on the time and cost of additional filings if process changes are implemented in the future. Because it is neither…

Performance of the BioScale ViBE Protein Analysis Workstation Host Cell Protein Assay

Measurement of host cell protein (HCP) contaminants is essential for developing and monitoring an effective purification process for recombinant proteins. Of the multiple techniques available to quantify the concentrations of these contaminants, the most popular format uses polyclonal antisera in a sandwich ELISA. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the performance of a newly emerging technology; the BioScale ViBE™ Platform. Using an assortment of bioprocess samples selected from multiple stages of the purification process, ViBE Workstation performance was…

Changes in Media Composition due to Expression of IgG in HEK293 and CHO DG44 Cells

Quality of recombinant/therapeutic proteins produced by engineered cell lines is a concern shared by both manufacturers and regulatory agencies. New assays are needed to facilitate earlier and more rapid analysis of therapeutic protein quality. Cell culture supernatant contains secreted proteins that are indicative of the cellular condition and thus are potential indicators of recombinant protein quality. This study identified changes in secreted host cell proteins (HCP) from cell pools exhibiting varying levels of recombinant antibody expression as determined by quantitative…

Factory of the Future

Fed-batch and perfusion culture are two dominant modes of operation for mammalian-cell-culture based processes. Challenges in the industry (such as competitive products for the same indication or desired cost reductions) are forcing many to explore new production options. Increasingly popular is the application of the ATF™ System to generate ultra high viable cell concentrations (>100m cells/ml) for a “concentrated” or “intensified” process. The use of the ATF System in a typical concentrated fed-batch process is shown which has generated a…

Sartorius Stedim Biotech Filtration Trials with SAFC Ex-Cell Hydrolysate Fusion

SAFC has launched EX-CELL® CD Hydrolysate Fusion, the first fully chemically defined media supplement of its kind in the industry. Sartorius Stedim Biotech and SAFC Biosciences have recently announced a wide-ranging joint cooperation agreement to serve their customers. As a consequence of this effort, a range of 0.2 μm & 0.1 μm sterilizing grade filters from different membrane materials were tested for throughput & biological activity post-filtration. This paper provides an insight into superior total throughput performance of the Sartorius…

Modeling Bioprocess Cost

    At every stage of biopharmaceutical development, efficient and cost-effective protein production is critically important to maintaining the economic viability of both a product and the company developing it. Biopharmaceuticals have significantly evolved through recent protein engineering advances, resulting in highly complex, novel proteins dominating the development pipeline. Such proteins are by definition very difficult to express in a soluble and active form. The success of these products depends on accessing a platform that rapidly produces high-quality, properly folded,…

Putting It All into Perspective

    As part of The Automation Partnership’s “20 Years of Automated Cell Culture” series, science writer Sue Pearson interviewed Dr. John Birch, the chief scientific officer of biopharmaceuticals for Lonza Custom Manufacturing APIS based in Slough, UK. Birch has been with that company since 1996, Before that, he held senior technical positions at Tate and Lyle, GD Searle, and Celltech. Birch has a PhD in microbiology from London University, where he also spent a period lecturing before moving into…

Maintaining Product Titer While Replacing Undefined Components in a CHO Culture System

    Proteins, hydrolysates, and lysates of plant or yeast origin are commonly used in cell culture media for large-scale manufacturing processes for human biotherapeutics. Lot-to-lot variability in the composition of such constituents is well established and can affect multiple biological performance indicators. Our goal was to replace an undefined, protein-containing medium with a chemically defined medium (meaning the chemical structure and concentration for each component in a formulation is known). Such a formulation should be free of protein and…

Monitoring ATP Status in the Metabolism of Production Cell Lines

Development of industrial cell culture processes for production of recombinant proteins seeks high efficiency, reproducibility, and predictability. Usually the time allowed for process development is short, during which culture conditions and scale-up protocols must be defined so as to maximize cell productivity and yield while minimizing process scope and overall costs (1). Although scientific literature describes various methods that increase productivity of a cell culture by reducing and arresting cell growth or weakening cell physiology (2), the cells must be…