Cell Culture Media

Medium and Process Optimization for High Yield, High Density Suspension Cultures: From Low Throughput Spinner Flasks to High Throughput Millilitre Reactors

    The most important contributions to high-yield manufacturing processes for the production of recombinant proteins from cultivated mammalian cells have come from the identification of highly enriched and well-balanced media formulations, and fine tuning the process conditions that support high cell culture densities with high specific productivity. The industry standard yield for immunoglobulins or similar molecules derived from suspension-cultivated mammalian cells in bioreactors has risen during the past 20 years from the tens of mg/L to g/L. The more…

Many Considerations in Selecting Bioproduction Culture Media

    Not long ago, the ability to support efficient large-scale culture of cells was the main factor in choice and development of production media. However, a number of new performance demands have been imposed on production media (as listed in the “Key Factors” box). These new criteria arise from such sources as the demand for increased efficiency in a number of production operations, goals invoked by new quality initiatives, and a more science-based approach to process development. Not only…

Considering Cell Culture Automation in Upstream Bioprocess Development

Cell culture automation has become more common in drug discovery and research applications, thereby freeing bench scientists from repetitive work as well as improving the consistency of their cell culture processes (1). Mammalian cell culture is used in the production of biopharmaceuticals, where developing a production cell line requires a large amount of repetitive manual work for bench scientists. With the increasing importance of biologics in today’s pharmaceutical market, throughput and efficiency are crucial in developing a production cell line.…

Carbohydrates and Their Analysis, Part Three

A large proportion of the therapeutic biotechnology products already in the market or under development are glycoproteins. Therapeutic glycoproteins are produced as recombinant products in cell culture systems, which raises the importance of understanding the biosynthetic events described in the previous installments of this three-part article. Lack of control in a bioprocess could easily change glycosylation patterns by distorting the activities taking place in the Golgi apparatus. Disruption of the delicate balance among substrate availability, optimum pH for specific activities,…

Integrated Strategies for Clone and Media Formulation Selection

Clone selection techniques used for development of stable, high-expressing recombinant cell lines suitable for robust fed-batch cell culture processes are critical for biopharmaceutical manufacturing. Basal media screening, feed development and addition strategies, and fed-batch bioreactor performance are all intimately tied to overall performance of the clones during scale-up. Serious issues can arise if a high-quality clone is not established, such as low or unstable protein yield and ineffective use of costly resources. PRODUCT FOCUS: Recombinant proteinsPROCESS FOCUS: ProductionWHO SHOULD READ:…