Biochemicals/Raw Materials

Performing Quality by Design on hydrolysates: a DOE case study

Hydrolysates provide increased cell growth and titers. The aim of FrieslandCampina Domo is to re-define hydrolysates and re-design their quality profile. The Quality by Design concept as put forward by the FDA proves to be an excellent framework for achieving these goals. In addition it will also enable FrieslandCampina Domo to provide a Design Space of this critical raw material for the biopharmaceutical industry and so making process changes easier and cost effective. FrieslandCampina Domo has analysed protein hydrolysates at…

Meeting Increased Demands on Cell-Based Processes By Using Defined Media Supplements

Rapidly increasing demand for cell-derived products has placed huge pressures on the biomanufacturing industry’s production capacity requirements. Media development strategies continue to be a primary focus for optimizing output from cell culture systems. Animal cells used in manufacturing protein products have complex nutrient requirements specific for each cell type, clone, and product. Individual nutrient requirements were once addressed by using serum-based media rich in growth factors and supplements, which provided an optimal culture environment for cell growth and productivity (1).…

NIR Spectroscopy Analysis of Phosphate Salts

Confirmation of raw material quality is a vital part of biopharmaceutical manufacturing processing. Incorrect or poor-quality vendor materials account for a considerable portion of failed and recalled product. To prevent these expensive problems, strict quality control (QC) procedures are often implemented and used to screen for inappropriate incoming materials. QC procedures commonly used are chemical tests that involve removing samples to a laboratory and performing, which can at times be complex, time-consuming, and laborious protocols. A common test procedure that…

Albumin: A robust pharmaceutical excipient in the stabilization of protein therapeutics

Optimal formulation of peptide and protein pharmaceuticals into efficacious dosage forms to ensure sufficient stability and provide acceptable shelf life is critical. To achieve a stable pharmaceutical drug product, excipients are often added to the protein drug substance. In this study, we investigate recombinant human albumin (rAlbumin) for its ability to prevent or minimize physical and chemical degradation of two allelic variants of the recombinant malaria vaccine candidate, merozoite surface protein 2 (MSP2), in various test formulations. The studies establish…

Application of animal-free recombinant bioactive protein supplements to improve the performance of cell-based viral vaccine production

The development and regulatory approval of continuous cell lines for manufacturing viral vaccines has brought numerous benefits to production processes. We and others have contributed to upstream advances by improving cell culture media with the development of animal-free and chemically-defined recombinant protein supplements. The supplements developed include recombinant insulin-like growth factor-I (LONG®R3IGF-I), epidermal growth factor (LONG®EGF), transforming growth factor-α (LONG®TGF-α), transferrin (CellPrime™ rTransferrin AF), and albumin (CellPrime ™rAlbumin AF-G or -S). Extensive literature on the action of these bioactive proteins…

Working Toward Animal-Free Processing

    Biological therapeutics is one of the fastest growing segments of the pharmaceutical industry — so much in fact that the overall cell culture media and supplements market used in bioprocessing applications is reportedly near $800 million (1). An increasingly important trend in cell culture is risk reduction throughout the supply chain, including a stringent focus on key raw materials. Accordingly, the industry has increasingly adopted animal-component-free materials to mitigate concerns over safety, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, and other contaminations.…

Changes in Raw Material Sources from Suppliers

    Maintaining the supply chain of single-source raw materials is of utmost importance for a biopharmaceutical company’s manufacturing operations. As often happens, a supplier will notify its customer of process changes that might affect the quality or properties of supplied materials. Occasionally, a supplier might notify the customer of substitutions in its own supply chain or other changes in the source of its own raw materials. Customers must conduct appropriate testing using the “new” raw material(s) to ensure acceptable…

Is Bovine Albumin Too Complex to Be Just a Commodity?

    Albumin is the most abundant serum protein. It serves several functions in vivo: e.g., binding and transport of fatty acids, hormones, and metal ions; maintenance of osmotic pressure and pH; and binding of exogenous toxins and products of lipid oxidation (1). Over time, development of large–scale purification methods have translated those functions into diagnostic, cell culture, and microbiological applications. It is important to note, however, that purification procedures can promote molecular changes and thereby add to the already…

Is Bovine Albumin Too Complex to Be Just a Commodity?

    For decades, the complexity of albumin has been researched extensively, yet many manufacturers and users of the protein have treated it more as a commodity. Because albumin has been readily available, suppliers and purchasers alike have frequently relied on more obvious measures of “purity” and other minimal release criteria to make their decisions. If a lot does not perform well in practice, the typical supplier’s response has been to investigate the manufacturing process for deviations, then correct them…

Nutrient Supplementation Strategies for Biopharmaceutical Production, Part 3

    Scale-up studies are needed for assessing cell culture production system options and for testing nutrient supplementation techniques as well. With the many supplementation options available, choices need to be made as early in product development as possible because advantages can change with scale. One published fed-batch scale-up study testing from 3 L up to 2,500 L highlights items to be considered in addition to the nutrient supplementation process such as the impact of pH and CO2 control (1).…