2014 Collection

Paired ADCC Reporter Bioassays Enable Differentiation of Antibody Fc Effector Activities via V158 and F158 Variant FcyRIIIa Receptors

Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) contributes to clinical efficacy of a broad range of therapeutic antibodies. FcγRIIIa polymorphism of individual cancer patients are correlated with clinical efficacy of some of these antibody drugs. Classic ADCC cytotoxicity assays rely on primary effector cells, which are highly heterogeneous and variable. To quantitatively measure antibody activity and evaluate the impact of FcγRIIIa polymorphism, we developed a pair of reporter-based ADCC assays using two engineered effector cell lines in Jurkat that stably express an NFAT-RE driven…

Regulation of cell apoptosis by insulin and IGF-I

An increase in the number of cells growing in cell culture is the result of two opposing effects: an increase in the number of cells that traverse the cell cycle and divide into two daughter cells (mitosis), or a decrease in the number of cells that die according to different modalities, the most prominent one being apoptosis (1), or both. Insulin and IGF-I are both capable of facilitating cell progression through the cell cycle, and of inhibiting apoptotic mechanisms. In…

Enhancing Efficiency and Economics in Process Development and Quality Control of Biotherapeutics

Analytical techniques that measure protein quantity and quality are used in nearly all stages of research, process development, quality control and manufacturing of biotherapeutics. UV spectroscopy, ELISA and HPLC have been in use for decades for protein quantitation in physiological and process samples, and continue to be the workhorses despite their many limitations. Biopharmaceutical companies have enthusiastically adopted Pall ForteBio’s Octet® systems due to their high throughput capabilities, decreased sample preparation requirements, and low cost of operations. The Octet systems…

Scalable Method for Packing Chromatography Columns

Currently the bio-pharmaceutical industry is heading towards cost cutting, time saving and single use manufacturing approach. This has opened up a whole new market for disposable technologies. Pre-packed disposable chromatography columns are a best fit for preclinical and clinical stage Monoclonal Antibody (mAb) production and vaccine manufacturing processes which require quick turnaround times and aggressive validation respectively. This work describes development of pre-packed and ready to use chromatography columns to meet this need in the industry. A robust packing method…

Rapid Antigen Production in Pseudomonas fluorescens Utilizing a High-throughput, Parallel Processing Approach

Pseudomonas fluorescens, a Gram-negative bacterium, has been specifically developed as a protein production platform to enable rapid identification of strains capable of expressing high titers of soluble and active protein. Pfēnex Expression Technology (TM) employs a toolbox of engineered P. fluorescens host strains, including protease deficient mutants and chaperone/ foldase overexpressors combined with a set of expression vectors encoding a variety of transcription and translation regulators, as well as a collection of periplasmic secretion signals. High-throughput automated transformation, growth, and…

Expansion of T-cells using the Xuri Cell Expansion System W25 and WAVE Bioreactor 2/10 System

Immunotherapeutics include drugs and biologics that render therapeutic benefit by harnessing the power of the immune system. The promise of immune-mediated therapies is to target specificity with a consequent reduction in off-therapeutic effects. Immunotherapeutic products can be classified broadly into (1) active immunotherapy (therapeutic vaccines), (2) adoptive cellular immunotherapy (transfer of immune cells, genetically modified T-cells or precursor cells) or (3) passive immunotherapy (antibody or receptor ligand administration). Recent scientific advances have led to clinical trials of both active and…

Microbial Cultivation In Different Scales in the CELL-tainer® Rocking Single-use Bioreactor

Single-use bioreactors are applied in the biopharmaceutical industry for mammalian cell culture processes. The low gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient generally achieved in these systems does not allow for the compatable application of microbial processes in these bioreactor systems. The CELL-tainer® technology combines a vertical and horizontal movement in a rocking bioreactor concept, so that the turbulence and power input is intensified. In this system, mass transfer rates comparable to stirred tank reactors are achievable. Thus, volumetric oxygen transfer rates (kLa)…

The Importance of Thresholding in Imaging Analysis of Protein Aggregates

Dynamic imaging particle analysis (DIPA) shows much greater sensitivity to transparent particles, such as protein aggregates, than light obscuration can. While not yet fully accepted in industry compendia, DIPA is being used increasingly in the formulation process for characterization of sub-visible particulates in biologics. DIPA measures particle size and shape by first creating a binary image based upon a defined threshold from the background value for each pixel in the image. The resulting binary image is used for all particle…

A Systematic Strategy of Cell Culture Media and Feed Development

Development of a high-performance and robust fed-batch process for recombinant Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines presents challenges in light of the diverse nutritional requirements observed with different clonally derived cell lines as well as the varied production phases. To address these challenges, we will discuss an innovative strategy of media, feed, and process development that has been developed at FUJIFILM Diosynth Biotechnologies (FDB). The efficiency and effectiveness of this strategy have been well demonstrated in multiple mAb-producing CHO cell…

Aggregate Removal from Monoclonal Antibody with Nuvia™ HR-S Media

Nuvia HR-S media is a new cation exchanger designed for high resolution of closely related product impurities such as aggregates. It delivers excellent resolution, with a final aggregate content of <0.3%, and high recovery of >80% from a heterogeneous feed of monoclonal antibody aggregates and monomer. Aggregate content and recovery in the eluate were shown to be functions of the target conductivity measured at the end of collection.