2014 Collection

Paired ADCC Reporter Bioassays Enable Differentiation of Antibody Fc Effector Activities via V158 and F158 Variant FcyRIIIa Receptors

Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) contributes to clinical efficacy of a broad range of therapeutic antibodies. FcγRIIIa polymorphism of individual cancer patients are correlated with clinical efficacy of some of these antibody drugs. Classic ADCC cytotoxicity assays rely on primary effector cells, which are highly heterogeneous and variable. To quantitatively measure antibody activity and evaluate the impact of FcγRIIIa polymorphism, we developed a pair of reporter-based ADCC assays using two engineered effector cell lines in Jurkat that stably express an NFAT-RE driven…

Regulation of cell apoptosis by insulin and IGF-I

An increase in the number of cells growing in cell culture is the result of two opposing effects: an increase in the number of cells that traverse the cell cycle and divide into two daughter cells (mitosis), or a decrease in the number of cells that die according to different modalities, the most prominent one being apoptosis (1), or both. Insulin and IGF-I are both capable of facilitating cell progression through the cell cycle, and of inhibiting apoptotic mechanisms. In…

Semi-automated, Single-use TFF Systems With an ‘Open Architecture’ Design Maximize Flexibility and Allow Supply Chain Security

Cross flow filtration used in bioprocesses is typically either microfiltration to clarify process streams or ultrafiltration to concentrate and diafilter the biopharmaceutical molecule. Single-use cross flow operations provide a number of advantages over traditional stainless steel systems. These include: • Flexibility during process development • Reduced capital investment • Avoidance of cross contamination and faster product change overs • Elimination of steaming and cleaning utilities Parker domnick hunter’s innovative SciFlex® TFF system utilizes propriety technology allowing the sterile processing of…

Sartobind® pico and Sartobind® nano on Akta® – Optimizing Conditions for Liquid Chromatography Systems

Sartobind pico and Sartobind nano are the laboratory-scale mem-bers of the Sartobind membrane adsorber family. Accordingly, their small size and high throughput make them perfect for use on automated chromatography systems such as the popular Akta series offered by GE Healthcare Life Sciences.While both the pico and nano capsules are designed for high flow rates, the array of valves, pumps, monitors and the flow restrictor found in a typical flow path for gel chromatography can cause unacceptable pressures at the…

Platform Purification of a Domain Antibody

Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are very successful for treatment of several different cancers and tumors. However, the low tissue penetration has led to the development of smaller sized biopharmaceuticals (Ab fragments) such as Fabs, single chain Fv (scFv) and domain antibodies (Dabs). These molecules lack the Fc part of the antibody making a platform purification approach using Protein A impossible. However, with the introduction of the Protein L based affinity chromatography media (Capto™ L) new possibilities are introduced for capture of…

Continuous Bioprocessing: A CMO’s Perspective

The maturation of many process industries is marked by transition from batch to continuous processing. Often this move to con-tinuous processing determines the winners in the industry. Will the bioprocess industry go the same way? The analogy is often drawn to the chemical industry where continuous processing is widely applied. Although available for many decades continuous bioprocessing is not yet a mainstay of the industry. Currently there is a ground swell of feeling within the bioprocess industry that the time…

Enhancing Efficiency and Economics in Process Development and Quality Control of Biotherapeutics

Analytical techniques that measure protein quantity and quality are used in nearly all stages of research, process development, quality control and manufacturing of biotherapeutics. UV spectroscopy, ELISA and HPLC have been in use for decades for protein quantitation in physiological and process samples, and continue to be the workhorses despite their many limitations. Biopharmaceutical companies have enthusiastically adopted Pall ForteBio’s Octet® systems due to their high throughput capabilities, decreased sample preparation requirements, and low cost of operations. The Octet systems…

Scalable Method for Packing Chromatography Columns

Currently the bio-pharmaceutical industry is heading towards cost cutting, time saving and single use manufacturing approach. This has opened up a whole new market for disposable technologies. Pre-packed disposable chromatography columns are a best fit for preclinical and clinical stage Monoclonal Antibody (mAb) production and vaccine manufacturing processes which require quick turnaround times and aggressive validation respectively. This work describes development of pre-packed and ready to use chromatography columns to meet this need in the industry. A robust packing method…

Rapid Antigen Production in Pseudomonas fluorescens Utilizing a High-throughput, Parallel Processing Approach

Pseudomonas fluorescens, a Gram-negative bacterium, has been specifically developed as a protein production platform to enable rapid identification of strains capable of expressing high titers of soluble and active protein. Pfēnex Expression Technology (TM) employs a toolbox of engineered P. fluorescens host strains, including protease deficient mutants and chaperone/ foldase overexpressors combined with a set of expression vectors encoding a variety of transcription and translation regulators, as well as a collection of periplasmic secretion signals. High-throughput automated transformation, growth, and…

Expansion of T-cells using the Xuri Cell Expansion System W25 and WAVE Bioreactor 2/10 System

Immunotherapeutics include drugs and biologics that render therapeutic benefit by harnessing the power of the immune system. The promise of immune-mediated therapies is to target specificity with a consequent reduction in off-therapeutic effects. Immunotherapeutic products can be classified broadly into (1) active immunotherapy (therapeutic vaccines), (2) adoptive cellular immunotherapy (transfer of immune cells, genetically modified T-cells or precursor cells) or (3) passive immunotherapy (antibody or receptor ligand administration). Recent scientific advances have led to clinical trials of both active and…