Outsourcing

Scale-Out Biomanufacturing – A Paradigm Change to Scale-Up

In biomanufacturing, a production scale change is required to either meet the market growth demand or when a product moves from clinical to commercial manufacturing. How that volume is increased depends on whether a scale up or scale out philosophy is used. The industry standard has been to scale up, which translates to increasing the size of the bioreactors used in manufacturing runs. However, due to the recent availability and ease of single-use technologies, coupled with improvements in cell culture…

Extractable and Leachables Studies: Designed and Performed to Meet all Intended Needs

Since the FDA released their Container Closure Systems for Packaging Human Drugs and Biologics guidance in 1999, evaluation of final packaging components for extractables and leachables has become the expectation within the industry. Additionally, the increase in the use of single-use systems in manufacturing has drawn scrutiny as another potential source of extractables and leachables. Extractables are compounds that can be extracted from a product contact material under exaggerated conditions such as elevated temperatures, extended storage times, or exposure to…