Pre-Formulation

Maximizing Data Collection and Analysis During Preformulation of Biotherapeutic Proteins

Preformulation research, a critical component in the development of biotherapeutics, explores the effects of variables such as pH, ionic strength, and excipients on the solution behavior of a protein. This activity can greatly assist in guiding downstream formulation development, and it provides valuable information concerning protein stability, solubility, and structure. Successful preformulation research leads to identification of potential protein degradation pathways and development of robust formulations with acceptable product shelf-lives. PRODUCT FOCUS: PROTEINSPROCESS FOCUS: DOWNSTREAM PROCESSING, FORMULATIONWHO SHOULD READ: FORMULATIONS,…

Probing Thermal Stability of MAbs By Intrinsic Tryptophan Fluorescence

In the arsenal of biophysical techniques available for rapidly monitoring the stability of protein formulations, spectroscopic techniques have some convincing advantages over others (1, 2). The main advantages to using methods such as circular dichroism (CD), infrared spectroscopy (IR) and fluorescence spectroscopy are their extremely high sensitivity (favorable signal-to-noise ratios), freedom from sample interactions with column resins or extrinsic probes (noninvasive techniques), and coverage of an extremely broad protein concentration range — from pM to mM (3, 4). To reduce…